This collection is available in whole for research use. In accordance with the Deed of Gift, some items may have been withdrawn from the folders. Most frequently withdrawn material is national security classified material, personal privacy, protection of the President, etc.
Herbert R. Northrup attained an A.B. from Duke University in 1939; an A.M. in 1941 and Ph D. in 1942 from Harvard University. Twenty years later, Northrup served as chairman director of the Department of Industry (now called Department of Management) at the Wharton School, Pennsylvania, from January 1964 until his retirement in July 1988. During Northrup’s tenure, the struggling group began to live up to its mandate as a resource for labor relations and personnel material. Under Northrup’s leadership, the school became the largest academic publisher of labor-management relationships and studies. Northrup himself published several research papers and books, ranging from a wide selection of topics including: “The Negro in the Air Transport industry” (1971); “Blacks and other Minority Participation in the All-volunteer Navy and Marine Corps” (1977); “Impact of OSHA on the Aero Space Industry” (1977); “Objective Selection of Supervisors” (1978); “The 12-Hour shift Revisited” (1988); “The Federal Government as Employer: The federal Labor Relations Authority and the PATCO Challenge” (1988); and “The ‘Helper’ Controversy in the Construction Industry” (1993).
As a professor emeritus at the Wharton School’s Department of Industry, Northrup still publishes. He resides in Haverford, Pennsylvania.
The material donated to the Reagan Library pertains to the 1981 PATCO Strike.
PATCO STRIKE SUMMARY
On August 3, 1981, members of the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization – the PATCO Union – began a historic strike. These federal employees cited their perceived poor pay and unsatisfactory compensation as their grievances. Specifically, these controllers felt that the Federal government should increase their benefits due to the stressful nature of their jobs and reprimand unsympathetic supervisors.
President Ronald Reagan’s response was swift: he fired all eleven thousand PATCO participants, but allowed a forty-eight hour grace period for the strikers to return to their positions without retribution. While some of the strikers heeded the president’s warning and went back to work, many did not and found themselves out of work. In his autobiography, An American Life, President Reagan explained that while he was sympathetic with the strikers – as he himself led the Screen Actors Guild for two terms in the 1950s – Reagan rejected the strikers’ demand for a “huge salary increase” that would cost the Federal government an additional $700 million per year.
In addition, Reagan argued that the strike itself was illegal, and if the PATCO union won, it would set a precedent that would open the Federal government to all sorts of demands from federal employees. Reagan quoted Franklin Roosevelt, who stated that workers who performed an essential government service could not act out against their employers, namely the people. In Reagan’s eyes, he had to “maintain the safety of the airways” from these workers who had abandoned their pledge not to strike against the government. The Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit upheld the President’s and John Lewis’ (Secretary of the Department of Transportation) decision to fire all remaining strikers.
The PATCO strike had several long-lasting ramifications. Still relatively new to the Presidency, Reagan’s move was popular with the people; Reagan demonstrated that he was taking his role seriously and was, in his words, “not playing games.” The President’s handling of the PATCO strike further symbolized the decline of organized labor in the public’s perception. After the strike ended, all attempts to rebuild a PATCO-like union failed. Ironically, the Federal Aviation Administration’s subsequent investigation into the controversial conflict determined that many of the air traffic controllers had genuine grievances, leading the FAA to take steps to increase workers’ benefits and lessen