Executive Order 12331-- President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board
October 20, 1981
By virtue of the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and statutes of the United States of America, and in order to enhance the security of the United States by improving the quality and effectiveness of intelligence available to the United States, it is ordered as follows:
Section 1. There is hereby established within the White House Office, Executive Office of the President, the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (the ``Board''). Members of the Board shall serve at the pleasure of the President and shall be appointed by the President from among trustworthy and distinguished citizens outside the Government who are qualified on the basis of achievement, experience, and independence. The President shall designate a Chairman and Vice Chairman from among the members. The Board shall utilize full-time staff and consultants as authorized by the President. Such staff shall be headed by an Executive Director, appointed by the President.
Sec. 2. The Board shall assess the quality, quantity, and adequacy of intelligence collection, of analysis and estimates, of counterintelligence, and other intelligence activities. The Board shall have the authority to continually review the performance of all agencies of the Government that are engaged in the collection, evaluation, or production of intelligence or the execution of intelligence policy. The Board shall further be authorized to assess the adequacy of management, personnel, and organization in the intelligence agencies.
Sec. 3. The Board shall report directly to the President and advise him concerning the objectives, conduct, management, and coordination of the various activities of the agencies of the intelligence community. The Board shall report periodically, but at least semi-annually, concerning findings and appraisals and shall make appropriate recommendations for actions to improve and enhance the performance of the intelligence efforts of the United States.
Sec. 4. The Board shall receive, consider, and take appropriate action with respect to matters, identified to the Board by the Director of Central Intelligence, the Central Intelligence Agency, or other Government agencies engaged in intelligence or related activities, in which the support of the Board will further the effectiveness of the national intelligence effort. With respect to matters deemed appropriate by the President, the Board shall advise and make recommendations to the Director of Central Intelligence, the Central Intelligence Agency, and other Government agencies engaged in intelligence and related activities, concerning ways to achieve increased effectiveness in meeting national intelligence needs.
Sec. 5. The Board shall have access to the full extent permitted by applicable law to all information necessary to carry out its duties in the possession of any agency of the Government. Information made available to the Board shall be given all necessary security protection in accordance with applicable laws and regulations. Each member of the Board, each member of the Board's staff, and each of the Board's consultants shall execute an agreement never to reveal any classified information obtained by virtue of his or her service with the Board except to the President or to such persons as the President may designate.
Sec. 6. Members of the Board shall serve without compensation, but may receive transportation, expense, and per diem allowances as authorized by law. Staff and consultants to the Board shall receive pay and allowances as authorized by the President.
The White House,
October 20, 1981.
[Filed with the Office of the Federal Register, 3:31 p.m., October 20, 1981]
Appointment of the Membership of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, and Designation of the Chairman and Vice Chairman
October 20, 1981
The President today announced his intention to appoint the following individuals to serve on the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board. The President also announced his intention to designate Anne Armstrong as Chairman and Leo Cherne as Vice Chairman.
Anne Armstrong is currently chairman of the Advisory Board of the Georgetown University Center for Strategic and International Studies. She was United States Ambassador to Great Britain in 1976 - 77 and served as Counsellor to the President in 1973 - 74. She is married, has five children, and resides in Armstrong, Tex.
Leo Cherne is an economist and currently serves on the Advisory Board of the Georgetown University Center for Strategic and International Studies. He was a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board in 1973 - 76 and served as Chairman in 1976 - 77. He resides in New York City and was born September 8, 1912.
David Abshire was executive director of the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Georgetown University, in 1962 - 70 and has served as chairman since 1973. He was Chairman of the Board for International Broadcasting in 1974 - 77. He is married, has five children, and resides in Washington, D.C. He was born April 11, 1926.
William O. Baker is a research chemist and was chairman of the board of Bell Telephone Laboratories. He was a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board in 1959 - 77. He is married, has one son, and resides in Morristown, N.J. He was born July 15, 1915.
Alfred S. Bloomingdale is a corporation executive in New York City. He was chairman of the board of directors of Diners' Club in 1964 - 70. He is married, has two children, and resides in New York. He was born April 15, 1916.
Frank Borman is chairman, president, and chief executive officer of Eastern Airlines. Colonel Borman was commander of the Apollo 8 space flight, the first lunar orbital mission, in December 1968. He is married, has two sons, and resides in Miami, Fla. He was born March 14, 1928.
W. Glenn Campbell has been director, Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, Stanford University, since 1960. He was a member of the National Science Board, National Science Foundation, in 1972 - 78. He is married, has three children, and resides in Stanford, Calif. He was born April 29, 1924.
John B. Connally is an attorney with the firm of Vinson & Elkins in Houston, Tex. He was Governor of Texas in 1963 - 69 and a candidate for President of the United States in 1980. He was Secretary of the Navy in 1961 and Secretary of the Treasury in 1971 - 72. He was a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board in 1971, 1972 - 74, and 1976 - 77. He is married, has three children, and resides in Houston, Tex. He was born February 27, 1917.
John S. Foster, Jr., is vice president, science and technology, TRW, Inc. He was Director of Defense Research and Engineering for the Department of Defense in 1965. Mr. Foster served as a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board in 1973 - 77. He is married, has five children, and resides in Cleveland, Ohio. He was born September 18, 1922.
Leon Jaworski is an attorney with the firm of Fulbright & Jaworski of Houston, Tex. He was Director of the Office of the Watergate Special Prosecution Force in 1973 - 74 and special counsel in President Kennedy's assassination investigation. He is married, has two children, and resides in Houston, Tex. He was born September 19, 1905.
Claire Boothe Luce was a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board in 1973 - 77. She is a playwright and journalist. She was also a Member of Congress in 1943 - 47 and Ambassador to Italy in 1953 - 57. She resides in Honolulu, Hawaii, and was born in New York City.
Thomas H. Moorer was Chief of Naval Operations in 1967 and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in 1970 - 74. He recently retired from the Navy with the rank of admiral. He is a member of the board of advisers of the Georgetown University Center for Strategic and International Studies. He was born February 9, 1912.
Peter O'Donnell, Jr., is director of the First National Bank in Dallas, Tex., and was a member of the board of trustees and board of governors of Southern Methodist University in 1973 - 80. He was an adviser to the Deputy Secretary of Defense in 1973. He is married, has three children, and resides in Dallas, Tex. He was born April 21, 1924.
H. Ross Perot is chairman of the board of Electronic Data Systems Corp. in Dallas, Tex. He was formerly with the IBM Corp. and is active in many community affairs including the Boy Scouts of America. He is a recipient of the highest civilian award by the Department of Defense, the Distinguished Civilian Service Award. He resides in Dallas, Tex., and was born in 1930.
Joe M. Rodgers is president of JMR Investments and American Constructors, Inc. He is past national president of the Associated Builders and Contractors, Inc. He was also finance chairman of the Republican National Committee in 1979 - 80. He is married, has two children, and resides in Nashville, Tenn. He was born November 12, 1933.
Paul Seabury is professor of political science at the University of California at Berkeley and specializes in international relations and U.S. foreign policy. He is married, has two children, and resides in Berkeley, Calif. He was born May 6, 1923.
Robert F. Six, an aviation pioneer and innovator, is founder and chairman of the board of Continental Airlines. He is married and resides in Los Angeles, Calif. He was born June 25, 1907.
Seymour Weiss was Ambassador to the Bahamas in 1974 - 76 and Director of the Office of Politico-Military Policy, Department of State, in 1973. He was also Director of the Office of Strategic Intelligence and Research, with the rank of Assistant Secretary of State. He is married, has three children, and resides in Bethesda, Md. He was born May 15, 1925.
Edward Bennett Williams a partner with the firm of Williams & Connolly in Washington, D.C. He taught criminal law at Georgetown Law School in 1946 - 58 and was a lecturer at Yale Law School in 1971. He was a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board in 1976 - 77. He is married, has seven children, and resides in Potomac, Md. He was born May 31, 1920.